It is fashionable to be a college dropout, no? Like Steve Jobs. ~ Nimrat Kaur ~
Researchers are a worried lot when they find that instructors spend enormous time and resources to create online courses which few learners study.
What could be the reasons for that? Why is there so much learner apathy when everyone agrees that online learning is the principal medium for knowledge sharing?
Let’s look at some unsavory stats on online education.
Often, many don’t even start the courses for which they are registered. The apathy, it is argued, could be because in many cases online education is still formatted like the classroom lectures.
Surprisingly, the high dropout rate was a cause for concern even 15 years back. At that time, people didn’t have so many connected devices as today. Back then some of the main reasons why learners dropped out were found to be:
- Lack of motivation
- Problems with technology
- Lack of student support
- Poorly designed course
- Substandard and/or inexperienced instructors
Refer the illustration below.
One may argue however that even if it is done the other way around (after extensive research into students’ requirement) there may still be instances where learners find the lessons difficult to understand and retain.
Such possibilities will always remain. Objectively speaking, just as not all fingers are equal, in the same way, the ability to grasp lessons will vary from learner to learner.
Since e-learning is now widely accepted at all levels of education and training as the best mode for knowledge sharing, there is an urgent need to dig deeper into the likely causes for learner apathy and look for ways to bring about helpful and effective learning.
As a longtime instructor with varied experience, I believe the reasons for disinterest among the learners are rather basic. In my opinion, there are 7 crucial features that play part in the success or failure of an online course.
They are also the potential areas offering maximum scope to engage with learners to make their study useful and helpful.
1. Avoid Information Overload
Some time back I was making video lessons for a client for law students. The main presentation and all the slides were jam-packed with loads and loads of information. Although my scope of work didn’t include tinkering any inputs, I was nonetheless left squirming with great unease as I completed that job.
Information overload or infobesity or infoxication is a sure disaster that can happen to an online course. As a thumb rule, if you cannot explain a topic in 3 minutes’ flat, you ought to break it up into 2+ lessons. Sometimes, the 3-minutes can extend to a max of 5 minutes, no more.
2. Make Explanations Simple
For a teacher, the main target is to help students learn. And since not all students are of same caliber or aptitude, it is important to explain things as simply as possible, and in a friendly, engaging way. There is no hard and fast rule how you do this, I believe you should be able to broadly explain the topic to someone completely uninitiated (say, your dad, mom or aunt) to ‘pass’ this test.
3. Ask Friendly Quizzes
The idea here is to stop the learners from drifting away. Intersperse your lessons with small, friendly, intelligent quizzes, embedding them in video tutorials. These quizzes will come unannounced but should be easy to answer. This technique is more akin to asking a simple question to a student who is caught napping in the class.
4. Provide Helpful Supplements
A few months back I attended an online training on working solo. The video lessons were, in fact, live teachings on Hangout, each lasting 75 to 90 minutes. I could watch them later as many times I wanted.
Just a small gap like this can make the learning painful for your students making them skip the lessons.
5. Use Training Materials Intelligently
To large extent, the success of a course depends on how effectively and intelligently the 5 media are used. Here are some notable examples for considering different media formats for teaching online courses.
- For developers and coders, the preference is divided between texts and video, with a tilt favoring texts with good visuals for creating tutorials.
- Fitness classes almost always have videos. Same for cooking lessons. The reason? They are mainly demonstrative training. And what can make demonstration better if not a video?
- If, however, you are into personality development training you might prefer audio podcasts over videos. Your students will certainly prefer that over videos or presentations.
- On the other hand, management skills training depends heavily on presentations or slide-based videos. Students need both the texts on the screen, and the audio lecture to understand the concepts.
6. Avoid Technical Jargon
Humans are not infallible. We are guilty of the tendency for constantly trying to impress others. Online instructors are hardly any different. Thus, we often take recourse to high-sounding jargons to explain something that can be easily avoided with a bit of thinking.
If you must use some ‘technical’ explaining, spend the time to deal on that and if necessary, introduce a friendly quiz to get some feedback to gauge the ability of the students.
7. Update Lessons Timely
I know how important this is because I’m personally guilty of this. Some years back I created a handy online course on redesigning WordPress theme. It was very well received in the first 8-9 months but soon lost steam because I hadn’t been updating the lessons.
In my experience, you need to make changes to your lessons even if you’re teaching eternal topics like the Newton’s Laws of Motion or solving a quadratic equation. It’s like buying newly published textbooks even if there are only small changes in the fresh editions.
There is an urgent need to dig deeper into likely causes for learner apathy and look for ways to make learning helpful and engaging to prevent dropouts.
New teaching concepts like adaptive learning are gaining ground that aims to transform the learner from passive receptor of information to collaborator in the educational process.
None, however, can altogether stop dropouts unless there is a genuine desire to create courses that go hand-in-hand with the seven important features explained above.
What do you think about effective online teaching? Leave your comments below.